Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne.
Acne affects many people of all ages - in fact 9.4%of the world’s population is affected by it is the eighth most common skin problem with 85% of teenagers and 40% of adults aged 20 to 40 years being affected by it.
Human skin has pores that connect to oil glands under the skin. Follicles connect the glands to the pores. Follicles are small sacs that produce and secrete liquid.
The glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. Sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin.
Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
Skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump together into a plug. This plug gets infected with bacteria and swelling results. A pimple starts to develop when the plug begins to break down.
What causes acne?
Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) formerly Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the bacteria that live on the skin and contributes to the infection of pimples. A range of factors triggers acne, but the main cause is thought to be a rise in androgen levels, which is the hormone which increases when adolescence starts and in women it is converted to oestrogen.
Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under the skin to grow. The enlarged gland produces more sebum. Excessive sebum can break down cellular walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.
Other possible triggers include greasy cosmetics, hormonal changes, emotional stress and menstruation.
Maskne - a new challenge
Aside from traditional acne, constant mask-wearing since during the current Covid-19 has given rise to a condition, now commonly known as acne mechanica or maskne. These are pimples located in areas where a mask touches your face. In most cases, maskne is the result of clogged pores. You already have oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells on your skin.
But when you wear a mask, these substances can build up more and block your pores even more.
A mask also traps humidity due to your breathing and sweating, which may increase the risk of acne. Another possible cause is friction. The material of a face covering can rub against your skin, leading to chafing and irritation. Regardless of the kind of acne, the lifecycle remains the same.
Inspired by the need for an effective solution to this problem, Cosmetic ingredient manufacturer, Chemyunion has developed Miracne, a multifunctional active for use against acne that provides noticeable results in just 7 days.
The new 3-in-1 active ingredient aids in the treatment of acne by reducing the C. acnes bacteria that causes acne, in addition to minimizing the redness associated with acne lesions and controlling sebum production.
· Dermatologically-tested ingredient with proven efficacy
· Reduces the acne-causing bacteria in 1 minute
· Quick results, noticeable in 7 days
· Reduces skin oiliness by 15% (D7), achieving a 20% reduction in 28 days through the
regulation of 5-alpha reductase
· Reduces redness and inflammatory lesions by 15% in 14 days
· Meets the contextual need of the market due to the appearance of the maskne
· Vegan, cruelty-free active ingredient, without preservatives.
· Natural ingredient, obtained using the precepts of green chemistry.
Applications include anti anti-acne gels, toners, serums and spot treatments.
For information on Chemyunion’s Miracne and other ingredients contact Chemgrit Cosmetics.